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Invasion and ecology of spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe) in the continental United States: a mini review

Centaurea stoebe is a perennial forb belonging to the family Asteraceae. Since its introduction from eastern Europe, C. stoebe has spread widely and caused substantial economic damage (Harris and Cranston, 1979, Watson and Renney 1974). As of 2000, this species had successfully invaded 7.5 million acres of North American land; it was present in 46 […]